|New Details on Saudi Help in Iraq
AP / FOX April 25, 2004
WASHINGTON — During
the Iraq war, Saudi Arabia (^) secretly
helped the United States far more than has been acknowledged,
operations from at least three air bases, permitting special forces to
stage attacks from Saudi soil and providing cheap fuel, U.S. and
The American air campaign against Iraq was essentially managed from inside Saudi borders, where military commanders operated an air command center and launched refueling tankers, F-16 fighter jets, and sophisticated intelligence gathering flights, according to the officials.
Much of the assistance has been kept quiet for more than a
both countries for fear it would add to instability inside the
Many Saudis oppose the war and U.S. presence on Saudi soil has been
used by Usama bin Laden (^) to build his terror movement.
But senior political
and military officials from both
countries told The Associated Press the Saudi royal family permitted
widespread military operations to be staged from inside the kingdom
during the coalition force's invasion of Iraq (^).
These officials would only talk on condition of anonymity because of the diplomatic sensitivity and the fact that some operational details remain classified.
While the heart of the ground attack came from Kuwait, thousands of special forces soldiers were permitted to stage their operations into Iraq from inside Saudi Arabia, the officials said. These staging areas became essential once Turkey declined to allow U.S. forces to operate from its soil.
In addition, U.S. and coalition aircraft launched attacks, reconnaissance flights and intelligence missions from three Saudi air bases, not just the Prince Sultan Air Base where U.S. officials have acknowledged activity.
Between 250 and 300 Air Force planes staged from Saudi Arabia, including AWACS, C-130s, refueling tankers and F-16 fighter jets during the height of the war, the officials said. Air and military operations during the war were permitted at the Tabuk air base and Arar regional airport near the Iraq border, the officials said.
Saudis also agreed to
permit search and rescue missions to stage and take off from their
soil, the officials said.
Gen. T. Michael Moseley, a top Air Force general who was a key architect of the air campaign in Iraq, called the Saudis "wonderful partners" although he agreed to discuss their help only in general terms.
"We operated the command
center at Saudi Arabia. We
operated airplanes out of Saudi Arabia, as well as sensors, and
tankers," said Moseley in an interview with the AP. He said
treasured "their counsel, their mentoring, their leadership and their
Publicly, American and Saudi officials have portrayed
the U.S. military presence during the war as minimal and limited to
Prince Sultan Air Base, where Americans have operated on and off over
the last decade. Any other American presence during the war was
generally described as humanitarian, such as food drops, or as
protection against Scud missile attacks.
During the war, U.S.
officials held media briefing
about the air war from Qatar, although the air command center
Saudi Arabia — a move designed to keep from inflaming the Saudi public.
U.S.-Saudi cooperation raised eyebrows last week after it was disclosed that President Bush shared his Iraq war plans with Saudi ambassador Prince Bandar bin Sultan before the start of the war.
Some lawmakers have demanded to know why a foreigner was
brought in on private war planning.
When asked about the briefing, Bandar played down the extent of Saudi help. "We were allies. And we helped our American friends in the way that was necessary for them. And that was the reality," he said.
U.S. and Saudi
officials said Bandar was briefed
several times before the war as part of securing Saudi assistance,
received regular updates as U.S. needs changed.
Preparations for U.S.
operations inside Saudi Arabia
started in 2002 when the Air Force awarded a contract to a Saudi
company to provide jet fuel at four airfields or bases inside the
kingdom, documents show.
When the war started, the Saudis allowed cruise missiles to be fired from Navy ships across their air space into Iraq. A few times missiles went off course and landed inside the kingdom, officials said.
The Saudis provided tens
of millions of dollars in
discounted oil, gas and fuel for American forces. During
the war, a
stream of oil delivery trucks at times stretched for miles outside the
Prince Sultan air base, said a senior U.S. military planner.
The Saudis also were
influential in keeping down
world oil prices amid concern over what might happen to Iraqi oil
fields. They increased production by 1.5 million barrels a
the run-up to war and helped keep Jordan — which had relied on Iraqi
oil — supplied.
Saudi officials said they also provided significant
military and intelligence help on everything from issues of Muslim
culture to securing the Saudi-Iraqi border from fleeing Saddam Hussein